Anglų referatas Rail Baltica
Lithuanian Railways. „Rail Baltica“. History of Rail transport. Types of rails. Types of trains. Interesting facts about trains. Rail transport in Europe. Rail strengths, weaknesses. Opportunities, threats. Eurostar. Eurostar History. Awards. Conclusion. Literature.
Railway it's very important for transportation of passengers and freight. Lithuanian Railways operates almost all railways lines in country. In the first World War train was the main supplier of food, stuff and ammunition. Lithuanian Railways have long history nepaisant wars and the other things exist until now. Lithuanian Railways included in the big project „Rail Baltic“, it's very important project for all country's which vykdo this project it would be Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland. „Rail Baltic“ project has very big budget.
Rail transport history starts in Egypt, Babylon and Greece 200years ago. That was very useful for traveling. 18th century was start build trains in Europe (Britain, Italy, France). After that was start build metro lines, now most popular is London underground.
There are 5 types of rail and 5 types of trains for different freights and passengers. In all Railway history happened a lot of interesting facts. In all Europe country's rail transport is different, country's have different infrastructure, vehicle dimension, loading standard.
In all world are a lot of trains and all infrastructure has some advantages and disadvantages in all countries.
Today 40% of world’s freight cargo is transported via trains, and that number continues to grow with each year.
Trains are one of the most eco-friendly ways you can travel.
There is still inadequate investment in rail infrastructure and maintenance in many EU countries, and insufficient cross-border connections both within the EU and with its neighbouring countries. Due to the imbalance in investment in rail infrastructure as opposed to road infrastructure, the EU has decided to devote a significant part of its transport budget to the development of rail infrastructure. The EU aims to mobilise international, EU, national and private funds for both the maintenance of existing rail infrastructure and for the development of new rail transport projects. This mobilisation of funds will directly address the insufficient interoperability of national rail networks and the presence of bottlenecks at cross-border sections.
By revising existing EU rail market access legislation, the Commission aims to establish a financial environment in which competent public authorities are obliged to commit to medium and long-term investment strategies which would:
provide better predictability of business opportunities for the rail sector;
European legislation sets general limitations for vehicle dimensions and weights in international road traffic and for dimensions in national traffic, but it does leave a certain margin of flexibility for EU countries which creates inconsistency for operators and makes enforcement more difficult. This communication suggests the possibility of reviewing and updating the current legislation in this area and proposes the development of new standards for loading units to be used across all transport modes.
Eurostar is the only high speed train that directly links the UK to France and Belgium via the Channel Tunnel. Train takes travelers from city centre to city centre, and have been since 1994.Since then, Eurostar carried over 130 million passengers. Train take thousands of people a day to Paris, Brussels, Lille, Calais, Disneyland/Paris and more, and also run much-loved seasonal trains to the South of France in summer and the French and Swiss Alps for skiing in the winter. Until 13 November 2007, trains left the UK from London Waterloo International. By 14 November we were well and truly settled in new home, St. Pancras International, just in time to celebrate the completion of the second section of the UK's first high-speed line, HS1. Just a few days later, began to run services from another new station, Ebbsfleet International in Kent. Travelers can also board at our other Kent station, Ashford International.