Animals of the middle world: the veneration of horse in pagan germanic tradition
Anglų referatas. Introduction. Comparative mythology as a means to analyse myths. Myth as a counterpart of science. Some approaches to comparative mythology. Comparativists versus particularists. Mythology and comparative religion. Difficulties in analysing religions. The horse worship in pagan germanic tradition. The rune of a horse Ehwaz. Partnership and respect for a horse. Symbols of the stallion and the mare. The Celtic Goddess of horses Epona. The Welsh Goddess Rhiannon and her myth. The Uffington white horse. Jutish rulers of horses Hengest and Horsa. The obscure origin of the name Hengest. Hengest and Horsa as mythical figures. The Ashvamedha or Horse Sacrifice. The Ashvamedha of king Yudishthira. Ashvamedha’s equivalents in Roman and Irish tradition. Conclusions. Santrauka. References.
Chapter one Comparative Mythology As A Means To Analyse Myths deals with defining and analysing the study of comparative mythology. Here are also presented theories by various scholars, who considered myth as a counterpart of science and vice versa. Theories differed and so scholars divided into particularists and comparativists. Also this chapter deals with the study of comparative religion. In order to help define this field, difficulties in analysing religions are introduced.
Chapter two The Worship Of A Horse In Pagan Germanic Tradition deals with mythical aspects of the horse. Firstly, the rune of horses Ehwaz is analysed. Moreover, the goddess of horses Epona is presented. In order to help analysing mythical traits of the horse, the myth of Hengest and Horsa is analysed and described. Finally, to understand the role of a horse in ancient nation’s cultural life, ritual of a horse sacrifice is examined.