Anglų referatas.

Boxing. History of Boxing. Professional Boxing. Amateur Boxing. Tyson, Mike. Boxing, athletic contest between two people, each of whom uses the fists to try to knock the other unconscious or to inflict enough punishment to cause the opponent either to quit or to be judged beaten. A boxing match is conducted under established rules and procedures and has a referee, judges, and timekeeper. The primary aim of each participant is to strike blows to the front of the head and torso of the opponent that will knock down and render the boxer incapable of rising to a standing position and defending himself within ten seconds. Many fights are decided on points scored. A point system was first established in England by the Amateur Boxing Association. Today several systems are used throughout the world. For many years professional boxing in Britain preferred the 5-point system, but in 1973 adopted the 10-point system which had been used in the United States and elsewhere for some time. The better fighter is given the maximum 10 points in each round; if judged equal then both boxers must be given the maximum. A fighter who loses a round is normally awarded 8 or 9 points. Points are generally awarded for clean hits with the knuckle part of the glove delivered with the clenched fist to any part of the front or sides of the head, or body above the belt.

The World Amateur Championships were first held in Havana, Cuba in 1974 and have subsequently been staged between Olympic Games. Most of the champions at all weights come from the United States, Cuba, and the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

Tyson, Mike (1966- ), American heavyweight boxer who in 1986 became the youngest heavyweight ever to win a world title—the World Boxing Council (WBC) title.

Michael George Tyson was born in Brooklyn, New York. In 1979, after committing a series of burglaries and robberies, he was sent to reform school in upstate New York, where he was introduced to boxing trainer Cus D’Amato. In 1980 Tyson was released into the custody of D’Amato, who became his legal guardian in 1985. After a successful amateur career Tyson became a professional boxer in 1985; he won 14 bouts that year, 11 of them with first-round knockouts. In 1986 he knocked out Trevor Berbick to win the WBC world title and by the end of 1987 he had also won the World Boxing Association (WBA) and International Boxing Federation titles and defended both the WBA and WBC crowns.

Despite his professional success, Tyson experienced renewed personal and legal problems. In 1988, after a brief and turbulent marriage, he separated from his wife, actress Robin Givens. He also sued his manager, aligned himself with controversial promoter Don King, and fired his long-time trainer. In 1990 he lost his heavyweight title to James “Buster” Douglas in a fight considered to be one of the greatest upsets in boxing history. In 1992 Tyson was convicted of raping a young beauty contestant and was sentenced to ten years in prison, of which four were suspended, and he was fined $30,000 (about £20,000). Tyson earned remission for good conduct while in prison and was released in March 1995. In March 1996 he regained the WBC world heavyweight title by stopping Frank Bruno in three rounds in Las Vegas. However, in November 1996 he lost his title when he was stopped in the 11th round by Evander Holyfield. The eagerly awaited rematch took place in June 1997 and ended after three rounds with Tyson's disqualification for biting Holyfield's ears. Tyson was immediately suspended, and many speculated that this would be the last boxing match of his career. By then he had had 48 professional fights with 45 wins (38 knockouts) and 3 defeats.

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Boxing. (2010 m. Kovo 03 d.). Peržiūrėta 2016 m. Spalio 23 d. 06:11