Changes on labour market caused by measures for improvement of employability of employees and by adaptations in the labor law (changes on labour market)
Anglų kursinis darbas. Acronyms. Introduction. Labour market functions, conditions and regulation. Science and higher education institutions, working age And employment contracts in lithuania. The active labour market policy in lithuania. Changes in lithuania labour market and employment. Lithuania and eu- level labour market. Conclusions / discussion. References.
Jobs are the human self-realization sphere. For many people, work is an acceptable factor in defining the quality of life for the satisfaction of almost all human needs - physiological, safety, social, ego and actualization, achievement and power, and others. Work gets in the process of labor market segmentation, which restricts the mobility of labor.
Nowadays, it is useful to know more about labor law, labor market and changes on labor market in the Republic of Lithuania. For this reason I set the aim – to find out changes on labor market caused by measures for improvement of employability and by adaptations in the labor law in the Republic of Lithuania.
to discuss about the labour market function conditions and regulation;
to describe about science and higher institutions, working age and employment contracts in Lithuania;
to describe the Lithuanian active labour policy;
to find ant discuss the information about changes on labour market in the Lithuania;
The research methodology - the analysis of the scientific literature and its systemization, mathematical statistics methods.
Labour market policy - labor policies, including public (state and municipal) support means to cope with the labor market and demand.
Working age - period of human life, when his livelihood should be a personal income from employment. Lower working age is the beginning of working age, and the upper coincides with the retirement age. Most of the working-age population is economically active. Not necessarily just the working age population is economically active, which actually work and some's incapacity for work-age population (pensioners, teenagers).
Analysing and evaluating processes in the labour market and its function conditions, the same concepts have been used as in material goods market. Therefore, in addition to the factors of production in the labour market, the role of human factor with its social, psychological and biological characteristics is one of the most important aspects where the performance is complimented with natural, social, technical evaluation indicators. Labour market is an integral part of market economics, where the main function is to distribute labour force among economic activities, professions, territories, companies, and besides it performs two more socio-economic functions: allocates population income through the form of payment and thereby it supports employment activities, formally creating opportunities to use the rights to work and to improve professionally.
Because of the characteristics that distinguishes the labour market from other material markets, it can be claimed that these characteristics determine the research complexity in the labour market and make presumptions for their analysis. In the theoretical works of the researchers a perfect labour market has been defined (Layard, Jackman, Nickell, 1991; Berggren, 1992 and other), with the following characteristics:
labour supply (labour force content in labour market) which is adequate of labour demand (number of workplaces in labour market);
a relatively short time from the appearance of a person in labour market (job vacancy) to the employment contract. In other words, employment contract is made when a vacancy in labour market and person‘s application proceed at the same time;
Third, there are some different positions in the negotiations on payment and working conditions (when an employer is dominated, payment is lower and working conditions are often worse than in a perfect labour market). On the other hand, if employees are dominated in the negotiation, for instance, because of strong influence of the strong trade unions, payment level may be too high and this would increase unemployment.
Fourth, the time period becomes quite long when a person (vacancy) enters the labour market, till the moment when the employment contract is made (it is quite a significant time for vacancies as well as for employees). Fifth, labour force leave does not always coincide with the working place liquidation; therefore both sides outgo is not always useful. An employee can leave the labour market after losing the hope to get employed, and working places can be constrainedly taken out of the labour market in the case of their liquidation.