Anglų konspektas. Types of meaning. Groups of Borrowings. Degree of Assimilation of Borrowings. Word building. Classification of suffixes. Meaning of Compounds. Classification of Compounds. Synonyms words of the same language having the same meaning is very simple , but unfortunately misleading.
Lexical meaning (go, goes, went, going, gone)
Connotational meaning (emotive charge: dog vs. doggie, love vs worship)
Distributional meaning ( sing-er/ ersing, boy-ish-ness/ ishboyness)
Phonetic borrowings/loan words proper, e.g. labour, travel, chair,sputnik, bank, soprano, iceberg
Translation loans (word for word/morpheme for morpheme translations), e.g.collective farm, Sunday, masterpiece (masterstuck), pipe of peace.
Semantic borrowings, e.g.dream originally meant joy, music.
Morphemic borrowings, e.g.goddess (native root+ Romanic suffix –ess), beautiful ( French root+ English suffix –ful),
non-assimilated semantically, e.g. sari, borshch, rickshaw, zloty
non-assimilated grammatically, e.g. phenomenon - phenomena, datum – data, bacillus- bacilli
non-assimilated phonetically, e.g. bourgeois, camouflage, unique, confetti, tomato
partly assimilated graphically, e.g. psychology,synonym
non-assimilated, seldom used barbarisms, e.g. tête-à-tête, dolce vita, ciao, ad libitum
Semantic classification (the agent of the action,nationality, collectivity, diminutiveness, feminine gender, abstract notion, quality)