English lexicology


Anglų konspektas. Types of meaning. Groups of Borrowings. Degree of Assimilation of Borrowings. Word building. Classification of suffixes. Meaning of Compounds. Classification of Compounds. Synonyms words of the same language having the same meaning is very simple , but unfortunately misleading.


Lexical meaning (go, goes, went, going, gone)

Connotational meaning (emotive charge: dog vs. doggie, love vs worship)

Distributional meaning ( sing-er/ ersing, boy-ish-ness/ ishboyness)

Phonetic borrowings/loan words proper, e.g. labour, travel, chair,sputnik, bank, soprano, iceberg

Translation loans (word for word/morpheme for morpheme translations), e.g.collective farm, Sunday, masterpiece (masterstuck), pipe of peace.

Semantic borrowings, e.g.dream originally meant joy, music.

Morphemic borrowings, e.g.goddess (native root+ Romanic suffix –ess), beautiful ( French root+ English suffix –ful),

non-assimilated semantically, e.g. sari, borshch, rickshaw, zloty

non-assimilated grammatically, e.g. phenomenon - phenomena, datum – data, bacillus- bacilli

non-assimilated phonetically, e.g. bourgeois, camouflage, unique, confetti, tomato

partly assimilated graphically, e.g. psychology,synonym

non-assimilated, seldom used barbarisms, e.g. tête-à-tête, dolce vita, ciao, ad libitum

Semantic classification (the agent of the action,nationality, collectivity, diminutiveness, feminine gender, abstract notion, quality)

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English lexicology. (2015 m. Gruodžio 01 d.). http://www.mokslobaze.lt/english-lexicology.html Peržiūrėta 2016 m. Gruodžio 06 d. 14:08