Genetically Modified Organisms


Chemijos savarankiškas darbas. Genetically modified. organisms. What are GM’s? Other terms that mean the same thing. What is not a GMO? How does this differ from Mendel and his peas? How transgenic organisms work. Dna microinjection. Genetically engineer of the es cells. The two most common types of gmo’s. Other types of gmo’s are. Transgenic monkey. Topical microbicides for blocking hiv-1 transmission. Genetically modified pigs. Pigs given spinach genes. Pigs given spinach genes-experiment. Advantages of pig‘s. Goat that produce spider silk. Silk from milk. The challenge how they take a powder and spin it into a fibre. Ways gmo toxicity affects animals, plants and soil. Lab animals tested with gm foods. Adverse effects of gmo’s. Current research. Conclusion.


Less than 5% of the microinjected fertilized eggs become transgenic progeny.

Lactobacilli or E. Coli altered to secrete or express proteins with anti–hiv-1 activity Colonization of the vagina or rectum with recombinant bacteria Secret fusion inhibitory peptides or proteins Lactobacilli that maintains a low vaginal ph Lowers the risk of hiv-1 infection.

MEDICINE Production of pharmaceuticals (human hemoglobin in blood of pigs for treating Trauma patients) Organs for Xenotransplantation into humans development of models for human diseases AGRICULTURE resistance to disease Altering the carcass composition Improving pig’s resistance to heat stress Protecting environment.

Physiology and size Raised in pathogen free condition Less chance to transmit infectious disease to humans Have fewer ethical issues as donor Short generation interval(114 days) Genome is quite similar to humans (3x times than mouse).

The two proteins are combined into a solution Transformed into microfibers using wet-spinning fibre production methodologies "Biosteel biopolymer" had been transformed into nanofibres and nanomeshes using electro spinning technique.

Cancer Damage native species Pollute the environment Deplete soil minerals, destroy beneficial bacteria 'Super weeds,' 'superbugs.' Cause infertility, stillbirths, miscarriages.

Higher blood sugar Enlarged livers, pancreases Inflamed kidneys Less developed brains and testicles Intestines reduced digestive enzymes The animal’s life spans are shortened Inflamed lung tissue.

Genetically Modified Organisms. (2014 m. Spalio 06 d.). http://www.mokslobaze.lt/genetically-modified-organisms.html Peržiūrėta 2016 m. Gruodžio 04 d. 08:13