Immigration problem and its impact on lithuania and its economy
Ekonomikos referatas. Introduction. Four waves of emigration in lithuania. The scale of the migration process, trends and directions of lithuania 2001 –. Economic analysis of the effects of emigration. Conclusion. Resources.
One of the most striking features of the development of modern society is remarkably increased migratory population mobility. International migration, strongly influenced by the ongoing globalization, has intensified over the world, has changed its nature, direction, structure. A rapidly expanding international relations in the political, economic, social and cultural spheres, changes in national borders control, international labor demand structure, the rapid development of science and technology, new communication and transport technology resulted in migration flows on a global scale. After Lithuania regained its independence and became the Union of contemporary migration trends with all their typical characteristics began to emerge in our country. As in most European countries, Lithuania vykstantysekonominiai changes made a substantial impact on international migration procesui. Population emigration seen as a serious threat to the country's demographic development, economic growth and cultural identity storage. Lithuania is a small country, if it continues decline in population and increase in emigration, it will decrease Lithuanian intellectual potential will be loss of investment in people, slow down technological progress, scientific development and economic development, increase the labor shortage.
Reveal the diversity of the concept of migration and migration theories explaining the peculiarities of the process;
Find out when and what were the largest waves of emigration in Lithuania;
Assess changes in migration trends in Lithuania 2001-2014;
Analyze the extent of emigration, composition, direction and reason;
Lithuania is one of these small historic nations, which have numerous waves of emigrants scattered all over the world. Except for the various periods, when a variety of reasons (eg., The world wars or Soviet period and the "Iron Curtain") to limit the number of emigrants from Lithuania from the late nineteenth century. the end was one of the expatriates (by population) in the world gives the Eastern European country. On the other hand, the Lithuanian migration has always been an integral part of the international Central and Eastern European migration processes. Lithuanian situation is little different from the other nations of immigrants positions adaptation, establishment in a foreign land, the maintenance of national identity, assimilation and other processes went similar ways as other nations emigrant groups.
The beggining of lithuanian‘s could be XIII-XIV century. No one knows how the military nobility and the residue dissolved Slavic peoples in the area between the Baltic and the Black Sea, when the Grand Duchy of Lithuania gained imperial character. However, hardly anyone could these phenomena called the prehistory of the Lithuanian emigration, this concept is applicable to more modern times. From the sixteenth century. resulted in the emigration of more ideological, religious, economic or political reasons. Eg., The radical Protestants Lithuania (Arians) the seventeenth century. fled from the Counter-Reformation of terror. This emigration to the West skippered prominent personalities. After the split of Lithuania and Poland began to emerge in the new conditions of emigration: it was not a massive and largely affected the rich and privileged aristocracy. After 1831 and 1863 uprisings in many parts of the former Polish-Lithuanian fighters fled to France, some of which reached the US.