Migration problem and its impact on Lithuania and its economy
Ekonomikos referatas. Introduction. Theoretical Aspects of Migration. Four waves of migration in Lithuania. Migration in Lithuania 1990 – 2010. The scale of the migration process, trends and directions of Lithuania 2001. Lithuanian migration statictis 2011 –. Economic analysis of the effects of migration. Effects of migration. Conclusion. Resources.
This paper analyzes migration problem in Lithuania and evaluates the influence of the emigration of the country's economy. Theoretically defines the concept of migration and aspects. Sets out the main migratory types that are divided into four main waves of migration in Lithuania. The paper reveals the migration process theories explaining the peculiarities analyzed factors affecting migration. Carried Lithuanian population on economic migration analysis is to identify the scale of migration in the country. 1990 - 2010 was an important year for Lithuania - in terms of migration, and discusses the following aspects of the migration. Moreover, the scale of the migration process, trends and directions of Lithuania 2001-2010. It is analyzed the 2010 - 2014 year statistics showing the migration of Lithuania. It also shows the main migration trends and causes. People permanent move from one country to another may significantly affect the country's economy. It is therefore very important to know the reasons for which people migrate permanently. This work is carried out emigration affect Lithuania's economic indicators survey, which, based on correlation analysis, identify and appraise the links between emigration and the country's main economic indicators. At the end of the article there is discussed findings, which were made by typing paper work. This article attempts to assess how much one or other characteristic of Lithuania (present and past) migration types and forms of motivation / motivate (sometimes allow / not allow) officially declared emigration and shows what the official statistics, the real rates of emigration.
Keywords: migration problems, migration process, impact, economic migration, emigration, migration in Lithuania, impact on society.
One of the most striking features of the development of modern society is remarkably increased migratory population mobility. International migration, strongly influenced by the ongoing globalization. It has intensified over the world, has changed its nature, direction, structure. A rapidly expanding international relations in the political, economic, social and cultural spheres, changes in national borders control, international labor demand structure, the rapid development of science and technology, new communication and transport technology resulted in migration flows on a global scale. After Lithuania regained its independence and became a member of European Union contemporary migration trends, with all their typical characteristics, began to emerge in our country. As in many European countries, in Lithuania ongoing economic developments made a substantial impact on international migration process. Population emigration was seen as a serious threat to the country's demographic development, economic growth and cultural identity storage. Lithuania is a small country. If it continues decline in population and increase in emigration, it will decrease Lithuanian intellectual potential will be loss of investment in people, also it would slow down technological progress, scientific and economic developments, and increase the labor shortage.
Migration is not a new phenomenon. Migration, especially economic, has more than three centuries of history. This process has had a significant influence on human history, the peoples of the formation, land accommodation. In the last decade, globalization has profoundly changed the migration process, implied the territorial migration types, and technological advances in communication and greatly expanded population mobility / migration options. In modern society, population migration is a very dynamic multi-process, and specific national political, social, economic migration in the context of the definitions may vary significantly. Nevertheless, all of them dominated by two main criteria: Area (change of residence) and the time (moving for a certain period of time) dimension.
International migration definition is the population moving from one state permanently to another country. International migration can be a long-term and short-term. According to the United Nations recommendations to long-term migration is considered when the period of stay abroad for at least one year, and long-term migration is already registered. Accordingly, short-term international migration is defined as a temporary presence in a foreign country, lasting from three months to one year. It is believed that long-term migration is damaging, because most of those who left is not returning to their homeland, the loss of funds that were invested in human education, loss specialist. Meanwhile, short-term emigration can be seen as a salvation difficult economic times by reducing unemployment, an increase in people's income, service acquired useful experience.