What is the mood ? How does the Mood present actions. Let. + infinitive. Which mood represents the real facts ? Which mood represents unreal facts. Why is the use of the Subjunctive and Suppositional moods determined. Unreal or hypothetical actions or states. A plain verb stem. What structural types of English sentences are there. Parallel subordination. What kind of connectors join clauses ? How are they related to the type of the clause they introduce ? What are verbals their forms and meanings. What is the difference between ‘- ing’ forms in English. What are the means of expressing necessity in English. What are means of expression of present tense in English Present Simple. The individualizing function. The generic function. The restraining function – ex. Appositive clause. Limiting of phrase. Ordinal numerals. Generic function of the definite article. A generic function ex. Philip had been the hero of his childhood. Then Jack , the most independent person , interrupted me. The Elliots were intelligent people. Is he the Jones who is a writer. ]. What are the peculiarities of the use of the definite article ? its functions. The nominating function. The aspective function. He wrote a novel. Descriptive genitive. Of phrase descriptive. „ I'm a socialist “, he said. I am sure you know Alfred Hard , a professor here.
The subjunctive mood is the category of the verb which is used to express A hypothetical action or state may viewed upon as desired, necessary, possible, supposed, imaginary or contradicting reality. For example: I wish you would go there too.
The subjunctive mood is the category of the verb which is used to express A hypothetical action or state may viewed upon as desired, necessary, possible, supposed, imaginary or contradicting reality. For example: I wish you would go there too. The synthetic Subjunctive mood forms are employed in 2 structural types of sentence: simple and complex. I tell you this so you may understand the situation.
The Suppositional Mood is a grammatical form of the verb that expresses the speaker’s belief that something is probably true, based on her/his experience, knowledge and any other information possessed. The synthetic suppositional form is a plain verb stem for all persons. It expresses wish, concession and command in simple sentences and complex sentences whe plain stem is foind in subject clauses, Object clauses and adverbial clauses od concession, condition, purpose: We demand that mobiles phones be prohibited during exam. Whatever the fact is, the behavior be the same.
b) Compound sentences that consist of at least two independent clauses or more. Clauses in compound sentences are joined by means of coordination, so they are called coordinate. There are two ways of linking clauses in compound sentence: syndetic and asyndetic. When clauses are joind with a help of a connector, such as and, but, as, ot, etc. the linking is called syndetic. I heard something outside so I got up and turned the light on. When clauses are joined without a connector, by means of comma or semicolon, etc – asyndetic. Rick warned her; now she warned him.
c) Complex sentences are type of the composite sentences, which consist of at least two clauses: the main clause and the subordinate clause, connected by means of subordination. The main clause is an element of the complex sentence , containing the main/principal verb. The main clause may not have total meaning, and it needs subordinate clauses to fulfill it. The subordinate clause is a secondary/ dependent clause in complex sentence. Subordination may be of two types: consecutive – it occurs when two or more subordinate clauses form a hierarchy of clauses: I know that you can do it if you try; parallel subordination appears when a complex sentence contains of two or more homogenous clauses (clauses of equal rank): I am sure that you are right and that he will support you.
5) What kind of connectors join clauses? How are they related to the type of the clause they introduce?
Compound sentences. There are four coordinate connections between coordinate clauses:
Copulative coordination joins clauses the information of which is in some way similar. And is the most frequently used, other conjunctions are: nor, neither..nor, only..but also, as well as, then , moreover, besides. She was sitting in the chair and he was sitting on the sofa.