Anglų referatas. Preface. Terminology. Child development. What is Developmental Psychology? Child Development. Theories of Child Development. Understanding Physical Development in Young Children. Sensory Development in a Child. Infant, Toddler and Preschool Sensory Development. Language Development. Cognitive Development. Emotional Development. Social Development. Enhancing Young Children’s Social Development. What Are Developmental Disorders? Kindergarten and nursery school. Kindergarten. History of Kindergarten and Nursery School. Nursery and Pre-school Playgroup in the United Kingdom. Pre-kindergarten and Kindergarten in the United States. Forest Kindergarten. What Is a Good Kindergarten? Curriculum. The Learning Process of the Curriculum in the Early Years. What Is Early Literacy? Reading Skills Acquisition. Help Your Child Learn to Write. Kindergarten Math Curriculum. Benefits of the Arts in the Kindergarten. PLAY. Play in the Early Childhood. Making Toys. Suggestions for further readings. Internet resources.
“Preschool Education” is a teaching/learning aid assigned to both first-year students of the Faculty of Education who are studying preschool education and lecturers presenting English for Specific Purposes (ESP). The book includes modern articles or their extracts on child development, developmental disorders, kindergarten and nursery school, early literacy, reading and writing skills development, play in the early childhood, etc. It is intended to help students analyse and comprehend scientific literature, master the basic terminology, discuss issues of the field and enrich their knowledge in preschool education.
The teaching/learning aid is divided into five parts: Terminology, Child Development, Kindergarten and Nursery School, Curriculum, and Play. Each article is followed by a glossary of education terms and other words more difficult for students and a task for comprehension check.
Definitions of almost all words have been taken from Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners (2002). However, definitions of some other words have been chosen from the following Internet resources:
en.wikipedia.org (infant, toddler, caregiver, echolalia, parochial school);
Well-adjusted – mentally strong and able to deal with problems without becoming very upset
Perception – the ability to notice something by seeing, hearing, smelling etc.
Cognitive – connected with recognizing and understanding things
Read the text and write True or False for each statement, then correct the false statements to make them true.
Child development comprises genetics and prenatal development.
Developmental psychology concerns the development of human beings from infancy to adolescence.
Child development is not considered essential to society.
There is no relation between physical and cognitive development of children.
Psychological changes do not occur in infants.
Biological and psychological changes may occur as a result of maturation.
Social development concerns the development of motor control.
Emotional development pertains to perception and sensory development.
Rational – based on sensible practical reasons rather than emotions
The child’s need for relationship with an adult is posited in the works of...
Encompass – formal to include a lot of people or things
Children are developing their senses from before they are even born. Babies receive sensory input from the world around them even when inside a mother’s womb. Sensory development for a child is an ongoing process. Their brain learns how to receive input from the senses in order to interact with the environment around them. Sensory development for a child is integral in teaching the child how to learn throughout life.
Babies explore their world through their senses. As they grow they use all their senses. They begin to recognize the smell of their favourite foods. A baby responds to mommy or daddy’s voice. Infants love to touch. They try to grab their clothes and their favourite toys. They chew on their fingers. N time, they reach for their parents. Children explore their world by always looking around and catching sight of new objects. When a baby is old enough for solid foods they have new experiences as they experiment with the taste and texture of their baby food. Children continue to use their sense of taste to acquire a love for some foods and an aversion to others.
You can aid the process of sensory development for a child by providing them with a lot of stimulation. From the time the baby is developing in your belly, you can help develop their sense of hearing. Talk to your baby. Read to your baby and even play music directed to your belly. Play classical music for infants. As your child grows introduce them to fun songs and a variety of different genre of music. When your child is old enough to talk, start to sing their favourite songs along with them. Teach your child to dance to the music.