The Passive. Use. Word order in the sentence. veiksnys tarinys papildinys aplinkybė. For example. Formation of the passive. to be + Verb 3 form=. (past participle (pp). Other forms of the passive. General questions( nereikalaujantis papildomos informacijos). Special questions. ( prasideda nuo klausiamojo žodelio). Practice make passive from active. Practice Make passive from active. Make active from passive.
Active voice: Someone stole my car yesterday.( past simple) Passive: My car was stolen yesterday.(past simple: was/were + pp).
My car was stolen yesterday. (The action (was stolen) is more important than the person who did it) The agent ( who caries out the action) is introduced with by.(use for people) e.g. America was discovered by Christopher Columbus. Preposition with is used for tools: e.g. The window is broken with a hummer.
Formation of the passive:to be + Verb 3 form=(past participle (pp).
Present simple: am/is/are + pp The class is cleaned every day. Present continuous: am/is/are being + pp The class is being cleaned now. Past simple: was/were + pp The class was cleaned yesterday. Past continuous: was/were being + pp The class was being cleaned when students arrived.
Present perfect simple: have/has been + pp The class has been cleaned already. Past perfect simple: had been + pp The class had been cleaned by two o’clock. Future simple: will be + pp The class will be cleaned tomorrow. Modals: can/could, shall/should, would, must/might, have to, ought to be + pp. The class should be cleaned every day.
Negation (neigiamas sakinys): The class has not cleaned yet.