The structure and two functions of carbohydrates
The structure and two functions of carbohydrates.
In today's world about biochemistry is talked in so many ways of chemicals and compounds, their etiology and significance. In this assignment I am going to explore importance of carbohydrates, describe structure and functions, benefits and risks to human body. Not all people know what carbohydrates are and that not all carbohydrates are the same. Carbohydrates are the most abundant biomolecules on earth. This is also the most common organic compounds, known as carbohydrates or saccharides, in Greek language it means, sugar ‘’.
Carbohydrates according to them structure are classified to the simple and complexed. Carbohydrates are polyfunctional compounds occurring in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose. They are our main source of energy and usually they are plant products. Plants produce energy from the sun and through a process of photosynthesis, convert into carbohydrates. Carbohydrates can also be classified to four types disaccharides, monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides
Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates they possess such characteristics as hardness, water solubility, sweetness. Monosaccharides are classified according to carbon atoms in the chain. Well known monosaccharides are glucose, galactose and fructose. Most popular in the nature is pentose and hexose.