George Orwell

About George Orwell. Biography, papers. Eric Arthur Blair (later George Orwell) was born in 1903 in the Indian Village Motihari, which lies near to the border of Nepal. At that time India was a part of the British Empire, and Blair's father Richard ,held a post as agent in the Opium Department of the Indian Civil Service. Blair's paternal grandfather too had been part of the British Raj ,and had served in the Indian Army. Eric's mother ,Ida Mabel Blair ,the daughter of a French tradesman, was about eighteen years younger than her husband Richard Blair . Eric had a elder sister called Marjorie. The Blairs led a relatively privileged and fairly pleasant existence, in helping to administer the Empire. Although the Blair family was not very wealthy - Orwell later described them ironically as "lower-upper-middle class" . They owned no property, had no extensive investments; they were like many middle-class English families of the time, totally dependent on the British Empire for their livelihood and prospects. In 1907 when Eric had about eight years ,the family returned to England and lived at Henley, though the father continued to work in India until he retired in 1912. With some difficulty ,Blair's parents sent their son to a private preparatory school in Sussex at the age of eight. At the age of thirteen he won a scholarship to Wellington, and soon after another to Eaton ,the famous public school.
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