The burden of infectious diseases and ways to minimize it


An infectious disease is a disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms – such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. Thought some infectious diseases are not contagious, others may be transmitted from person to person, from animal to person, by ingesting contaminated food or water or other exposures in the environment. According to a WHO – World Health Organization, infectious diseases causes approximately half of all deaths. Over 33 million people are living with HIV worldwide. Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people a year.

An infectious disease is a disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms – such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. Thought some infectious diseases are not contagious, others may be transmitted from person to person, from animal to person, by ingesting contaminated food or water or other exposures in the environment. According to a WHO – World Health Organization, infectious diseases causes approximately half of all deaths. Over 33 million people are living with HIV worldwide. Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people a year.

Infectious diseases spread in many ways. We can speak about food-borne diseases like shigellosis, diarrhea. Germs can travel through the air by coughs or sneezes. It includes flu, chickenpox and meningitis. HIV, malaria, hepatitis B, hepatitis C are spread through blood. One of the most common ways to spread is through the direct transfer of germs from one person to another, and from animal to person.

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The burden of infectious diseases and ways to minimize it. (2011 m. Gegužės 08 d.). https://www.mokslobaze.lt/the-burden-of-infectious-diseases-and-ways-to-minimize-it.html Peržiūrėta 2018 m. Vasario 25 d. 21:54
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